Ruby Bridges: A Simple Act of Courage Lesson Plan for Grades 6–8. After viewing the slide show, reading Through My Eyes, and answering the text-dependent questions, students should revisit their anticipation guide. Demonstrates no understanding of the text(s) and/or does not follow appropriately from the task. Ask them to review their answers. Ruby Bridges (Wright Group/McGraw-Hill) is the powerful story of one girl's bravery. They’re leaders, and so was Ruby. After they are done, have students share their sentences aloud. John Steinbeck was witness to history when Ruby Bridges became the first African American student at William Frantz Elementary School in New Orleans. At the time Ruby was six years old. Why did Ruby’s mother and the federal marshals escort Ruby to school on November 14, 1960? Anti-integration protestors might take out their anger on her. Grade-level conventions are used with few to no errors. Why did Ruby have to desegregate the school alone? What was William Frantz like for Mrs. Henry? Ruby’s mother told Ruby to behave herself and follow the marshals’ directions, because she wanted to protect her daughter. Hand out the “If I Were Ruby Bridges” Writing Response Sheet printable and tell students to answer the question in the first person. The activities can be taught in the suggested sequence, or they can be used individually as part of your teaching about the civil rights movement, Black History Month, or Women’s History. On Nov. 14,1960, 6-year-old Ruby Bridges became the first black child to integrate a public school in New Orleans. If she had to use the bathroom, the marshals walked with her down the hall. TM ® & © 2016 Scholastic Inc. All Rights Reserved. Ruby was the only student in her class. The mass of common people; the populace. For the Vocabulary Fishbowl activity, you'll need two to three of the vocabulary words for each student. She did not know whom she could trust besides her husband. She had a great mom and dad. You might use the following questions to spark their ideas: Now, ask students: What would you do if you were Ruby Bridges? He set November 14, 1960, as the new deadline for all schools to be integrated. (YOUNGER RUBY turns and goes to her bed where her mom, LUCILLE BRIDGES, waits to tuck her in. Has a literal understanding of the text(s). She was not allowed to talk to Ruby’s family. Judge Wright followed the law that said segregation in schools must end. Have them keep their list to reference throughout the lessons. Steinbeck recorded his visceral experience in the final pages of Travels with Charley. Many people in the town were angry about school integration. Ruby Nell Bridges Hall (born September 8, 1954) is an American civil rights activist. << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream Little analysis demonstrated. After they were tucked in bed, Ruby’s mother went to work scrubbing floors in a bank. She thought it was strange, but she enjoyed having Mrs. Henry’s full attention. Ruby’s Mother It was to become one of the most … She is black. Understands the text and demonstrates this through grade-level analysis of the text(s). ���B�$��j�F~ ���sNeϠ AJ�Pl���:++��Oe��w���9�6��������Cw���u���ٿ�-��w�0�ݿ�Π;|.��J�����薛n��uw��w�v���`1]��7�n6����n�/�kOز�j��k1��|�������^~���;���{��N�N�Mw������ͽ���o//^u_�v�uwrs۝_����B. She led us away from hate, and she led us nearer to knowing each other, the white folks and the black folks. Applies directly to the topic addressed. Ruby’s father become a janitor. Ruby describes her first day at William Frantz as easy. Eventually she figures out why she is so isolated. Tomorrow marks sixty years since civil rights icon, activist and writer Ruby Bridges was the first Black child to integrate a Southern elementary school—and today, Scholastic announced three forthcoming books written by Bridges, which will be released from spring 2022-23. In November 1960, Ruby Bridges became the first African American child to integrate the all-white William Frantz Elementary School in New Orleans. Her family loved her so much. 6–8. The lesson we learn is it does not matter what color you are. She thought it would be hard. If students need additional support, they can make one sentence per word. Attempts to use evidence from the text(s), but may not be applicable to the topic. Applies directly to the topic addressed. She was the first African-American child to desegregate the all-white William Frantz Elementary School in Louisiana during the New Orleans school desegregation crisis on November 14, 1960. You need to click on the following button which will take you to Ruby's story and carefully read the excerpt-Ruby Bridges Excerpt. Ask the rest of the class to identify the vocabulary words. Governor Davis did not want segregation to end. %��������� His mother had told him not to because Ruby was African American. Mrs. Henry also had to be secretive about her job, because it was dangerous. You can circulate the room, correcting students individually, or review with the entire class once all the students have had an opportunity to complete the activity. No analysis demonstrated. 1–2,  Appendix F: Excerpt from Ruby Bridges’ reflections on Attending Frantz Elementary in 1960 RUBY BRIDGES HALL: I wish there were enough marshals to walk with every child as they faced the hatred and racism today, and to support, encourage them the way these federal marshals did for me. How did segregation laws affect Ruby directly? At the end of the school year, Ruby was able to visit with a few white children who had come back to school. :�b�K&1���������3�/��aȚg�.�_��i���N���i_ ����`];����ν�Ͷ�v�y}y��|�}q��Շ���&�����\�߽�yw����|yڟ��Խ����/A����OG�|�}b��nկ�E��~�F��~>�xx�����|���r�u/@��ˡ;G��~��ݥ>�=���\�K� YOUNGER RUBY takes the teddy bear from her mom. But her experience in teaching at William Frantz made her lonely and upset. %PDF-1.3 Ruby Bridges was born in the South, in New Orleans, La. The book is written in the first-person perspective, but offers vignettes from other people’s perspectives. Hand each student a plastic bag containing the vocabulary words and their definitions you prepared ahead of time.