[FAQ 3] What Comprehension Skills Are There?
Comprehension skills must be directly taught, understood, and mastered with fluency and automaticity. And that’s what the reading comprehension warm-ups help you achieve.
What reading skills do the reading comprehension warm-ups focus on? Will there be more skills? These are two great questions we get all the time, so let’s answer them!
What Comprehension Skills?
Our initial research with 138 teachers showed that two comprehension skills were the most important for reading comprehension warm-ups:
- Making Inferences
- Ideas and Details
The majority of the spiral reviews focus in on these two areas, and rightfully so, they are the essential skills for reading comprehension.
What’s included in the making inferences comprehension skills? These inferential thinking warm-ups include:
- Citing Text Evidence
- Supporting Conclusions
Ideas and Details
These comprehension skills are really the prerequisite for making inferences. They include both literal comprehension and inferential thinking skills.
These warm-ups focus on:
- Understanding Text Details
- Identifying Stated Main Ideas
- Inferring Main Ideas from Text Evidence
- Determining Theme
- Summarizing and Paraphrasing
Why These Comprehension Skills?
Our research showed a strong need for these skills…but state and national standards also focus on these comprehension skills. Take a look at these Common Core College and Carrer Anchor Standards:
- Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text.
- Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas
And again, in the elementary reading standards:
- Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. RL.5.1
- Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text. RL.5.2
- Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text. RI.5.2
In numerous state standards, these comprehension skills are highlighted as the most important. Look at these examples from the new Texas standards:
- Make inferences and use evidence to support understanding. TEKS 3.6F, 4.6F 5.6F
- Evaluate details read to determine key ideas. TEKS 3.6G, 4.6G, 5.6G
- Recognize the central idea with supporting evidence. TEKS 5.9Di
The comprehension warm-ups focus on main ideas, making inferences, literal comprehension, and using text evidence to support conclusions. The entire list of warm-ups is available in your member dashboard.
If you’d like to get started on the new comprehension warm-ups, consider joining the Free Word Study membership today.
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